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Tameddurt n umedyaz

 

1- Talalit d teméi

 

Abdennebi Ayt Mengellet, ilul di Oeroer deg useggas 1950 deg Yi$il n Wammas. Ssawalen-as Lewnis, imi setti-is (jida-s), turga-t yiwwas di tnafa. Maca Abdennebi d isem ur ssinen ara akk medden ula $er yeqriben-is, almi d asmi yekcem s a$erbaz amezwaru.

Yetturebba-d Lewnis di twacult rqiqet lêal-is, am watas n twaculin yeddren di tallit n îrad d ucengu arumi d yir akk tignatin i d- segra lgirra $ef aîas n yeswiren.

Mi yeêîîarvaq waεbar n tegrawla, lewnis yella d aqcic amecîuê di laεmar-is 4 n yiseggasen, 12 iseggasen mi tezzureg tmurt. Ad nefhem belli Lewnis ur yexdim ara tagrawla, am waîas n yegrawlin nniven n tama nni, maca yedder-itt s tmu$li n weqcic amecîuê, iwala s tiî-s, iêus wul-is i lbaîel d zzur d ljur n ucengu arumi, iêemmel aîas arraw n tmurt-is. Tignatin nni yakk yessan s leêzen d lêif akked i$ilifen, sεant azal rnan-d afud muqqren deg usnerni n tiêerci n iêulfan-is n tmedyazt di teméi-ines, d ayen ara ad tiεiwnen akk akken ad yesefrurex tamedyazt icebêen, akked isefra iweznen i d-yufraren di yal tallit yesseêlayen lejruê.

 

2- Almud dt$uri

 

Di tallit nni n tegrawla, u seg tezzureg tmurt ttawilat n uselmed akked weswir n leqraya ixus aîas lad$a di temnavin n wedrar akked dtudrin n leqbayel , maca annect-nni yakk yejja-d later-is $ef weswir n tmussni d yedles $er tsutiwin yeddren di tallit-nni , imi aîas n warrac akked igardan ur sersen ara mavi avar-nsen $ef tewwura n llakul d u$erbaz, ne$ xas ma yella win ikecmen maçi zik, Lewnis seg wid ur nekcim ara llakul di lawan ilaqen , imi ur t-yekcim ara almi yewwev 11n yiseggasen di laεmer-is. Deg useggas 1962 yeooa taddart-is i$il n wammas yeîîef abrid –is $er tmana$t akked watmaten-is, d$a dina i yekcem s a$erbaz amezwaru. Mi yekfa almud-ines yezger s « a$sur atiknuiliji » di champ manœuvre, anda i yelmed lêirfa n wenjar $ef us$ar, yerra-tt d lêirfa-ines i ihemmel aîas, ig xeddem s leb$i muqqren, yesεebaj di lxedma n yiceqduren ara ad yarnun ccbaêa i wexxam.

Mi tekfa tallit-agi yeêbes mavi leqraya takadimit , imi si tazwara ur yesεi ara mavi leb$i $er-s , acku yumen belli tamusni d yedles s umata d ayen i nezmer ad d-naf deg tektabin akked yedlisen s umata s webrid n t$uri tilellit n war tilisa yesεan aîas n lfayda imi netta d win yettêeziben $ef igardasen isdawanen .

 

3- Tiliwa n yedles $er Lewnis:

Xas akken amecwar n ulmud-ines d win meééeyen, maca Lewnis yessawev ad yekcem annar n yedles d tmussni s wayen i d-yugem netta s timmad-is , lad$a netta d win i hemmlen ta$uri n yedlisen akked dtektabin , imi ta$uri tesεa azal d ccan muqqren $ur-s , akken yenna :  « ulac iv yezrin ideg ur $ri$ ara aêric seg udlis , ne$ yal adlis nniven ara ad ye$lin ger ifassen-is »

£ef ubrid yevfer di t$uri yenna : «  ma ara ad sekefle$ azal anaéuri n walbaεv n yemyura, ttaεrava$ akken ad awve$ ad wεu$ akk $er wayen i d- yejja d wayen yura akked wayen i d- yesnulfa, akken ad awve$ di taggara n t$uri-inu $er tugna tamatut $ef tmu$li-is tanaéurit tasnaktant (idéologique) i t isemgaraden $ef wiyav. Deg umedya deg ussan-agi ineggura gre$-d ger wallen-iw ayen yura Amin Maalouf, zemre$ ad ini$ seg wayen $ri$ belli d amaru i yuklalen aîas n leqdar akked ccan »

Rnu $er wayagi Lewnis yugem-d si tliwa nniven n yedles tid yesεan azal muqqren deg usnerni n tmu$liwin-ines akked d tektiwin d tugniwin-is .Ma nmuqel kan $er-s ad d-naf snat n tgejda i$ef tebna tugna-s : tella tugna tamensayt yeqqnen $er laεwayed d tnaûlit akked wayen akk tejmaε teqbaylit d izamulen, tella da$en tugna tatrart i yeqqnen $er wazalen n tmetti tamirant , imi yedder snat n tsutiwin , tasuta tamensayt yettfen di tnaûlit akked dtjaddit , akked d tsuta n wass-a n yelmeéyen n tlelli , yessfelliten i lxir $er zdat d yimmal iggarzen .

Maca tignatin ideg yedder Lewnis $ef akken i d-yenna : « azal muqqren di tmusni-ines imi yetturebba-d di taddart-is deg yi$il n wammas $ef laεwayed d wansayen yebnan $ef leqdar lêarma , tadukli, ise$ , tirrugza, nnif , d wayen akk i$ef tebna tmetti taqbaylit tamensayt , rnu $er-s yetturebba-d s tmucuha , tiqsivin , lemtul , lemεun vebεen-t deg walla$-is , yettuneêsab apas di tudart-is , imi yettidir di tmurt , yu$al ur yezmir ara ad yidir anda niven, annect-nni yakk iban-d s wudem ubriz di tmedyazt-is akked dtudart-is n yal ass ».

 

4-Annar n umahil :

Lewnis ur yeqqim ara kan deg yiwen n umhil .Di tallit nni mi tezzureg tmurt, yexdem di tne$laft n lec$al n baylek lad$a mi yella akked dtwacult-is di tmana$t, sin $er-s $er yiwet n tarmist n tedrimt n Fransa, (CEDB), tarmist-agi $ef akken i d-yenna Lewnis d lbanka taneggarut di tmurt-nne$.

Mi i d-yu$al $er taddart-is s i$il n wammas di 1970 yexdem kra n yiseggasen di t$iwant s akin sawlen-as-id $er lxedma ta$elnawt (laεskar) $er Blida ideg yeqqim deg-s 6 n wagguren, akked 18 n wagguren di temdint n Qsenpina.

Mi ifuk laεsker-is , yu$al-d $er taddart-is s i$l n wammas imiren i tebda tallit lqayen di tudart-is yenna :  « mi ikfi$ laεskar ufi$-d iman-iw ger sin ibardan, yis-sen ara ad iban uzekka-inu , ferne$ amaval n umahil , ad xedme$ akken iwata ne$ ad verfre$ abrid n leqraya i d-nejre$ si tazwara ad as fke$ akud ilaqen, di taggara ferne$ abrid n téuri , tamedyazt, aéawan , d$a meyze$ ad kemmle$ abrid n téuri, fki$-as azal d leb$i muqqren d tezmart yeqwan …seg wass-ni $er wass-a ur xdime$ ayen niven.

 

5- Zzwaj

Neb$a ad nawi awal di temsalt-agi $ef tmeddurt n Lewnis imi aîas n wawal i yuzlen s ya d sya acku aîas ur nefhim ara isefra-ines si tama , si tama niven $er wid ihemmlen ad nadin di timmad-is lad$a tamsalt n zzwaj …imi it neseqsa $ef ayagi akked wayen akk nnan medden fell-as yemmeslay-d s tidet yenna :  «  d lehdur ur nesεi lsas iseêêan d medden kan i ten i d-isnulfan , imi ur fhimen ara ayen icennu$ lad$a ayen i d-wwi$ di temsal yaεnan tudart-iw .S tidet maçi ayen akk i d-ttawi$ deg yisefra-inu d ayen idre$ , ne$ dayen yeqqnen $er tirmi-inu , lukan akken –nni tili ur ttili$ ara am medden marra, ad dre$ apas n tsutiwin ad εice$ tudart merra ama réaget ne$ éidet Ayagi ddaqs fel-i . Nekkini d amedyaz ssefruye$ ayen iêuzan medden merra , êekku$-d lehmum d leêzen-nsen , ssenqade$ laεyub n yemdanen , xas akken ur nekkre$ ara belli yella cwiî n wayen i yi êuzan nekki s timmad-iw. Ma yella $ef wayen yaεnan zzwaj-iw ttidire$ tudart tessa s lehna d rrezg, zewje$ akked dtin xtara$ d tin yeb$a wul-iw , ur $live$ ara di lxetyar-iw ssegmen-a$ wussan nettqabal lesnin di sin s leb$i d rrva $er ass-a »

 

6-Amecwar n téuri :

Tazwara-s n lfen tella deg useggas1966, akked dtaggara n 1967, di tesgilt i$ennayen n uzekka s$ur Crif Xeddam s tezlit « Ma truv », ig icebêen imelêen maçi d kra , d ayen i yeswehmen Lewnis mi i t-yesteqsa Crif Xeddam $ef ccbaêa n yisefra n tezlit .Mi as- yenna belli d nekk i ten ixedmen. D ayen i as iεejben apas i Crif Xeddam, seg wass-ni i as-imenna azekka muqqren deg unnar n usnulfu n tmedyazt .

Di tazwara n umecwar-ines n téuri akked lfen, yesbeded-d netta akked yiwen n ugraw n yilmeéyen yiwet n tarbaεt isem-is « tarbaεt n yimazi$en », i yesεan iswiyen n : téuri, tasartit, tasnaktant (idéologique), maca tarbaεt agi ur tdum ara, imi msefraqen akk iεeggalen –is kul yiwen anda yarra. Lewnis yu$al-d si tmana$t d abrid-is s I$il n Wammas, sin $er-s $er lxedma n laεskar ideg yeqqim sin n yiseggasen.

Tebda tirmit –ines di tmedyazt akked ccna dac, dac armi yuwwev laεlali .Mi yekfa kan laεskar yebda di tazwara s tezlatin n tayri akked dteméi am watas n yimedyazen s wusnulfu n tmedyazt n tayri d wayen akk id ttaja deffir-is ama d lefraq ne$ d lqarê , yezzu$ur yis-sent lesnin almi yuwwev tallit tis snat seg uêric n tmrdyaz-ines , dtallit ideg yessenqed s tmu$li lqayen timetti tatrart ama deg wayen yeqqnen $er tsertit akked wayen yettidir umdan aqbayli ne$ amzi$ sumata.

Mi neseqsa amedyaz Lewnis $ef sin yeêricen imeqqranen i yevban tamedyazt-ik yenna : yella wanect-agi ma t-id-muqle$ s lbeεd akka i t-id ttwali$ .D tidet yella amenzu, yella weêric wis sin, maεna acu i b$i$ ad ini$ belli anect-ni ur as ari$ ara leêsab si tazwara ur d yusi ara mebla ccwer mebla leb$i.

Akken yeb$u yili lêal, yessawev umedyaz Lewnis akken ad yesnulfu taffa n yesefra icebêen deg azal n rebεin n yiseggasen, deg ubrid n ccna s tmedyazt tucbiêt tamelêant , teççur d sser d lmaεna , teoouooug tettnarni , armi tewwev $er tqacuct s yisefra ara yeqqimen lebda d inagan $ef tidet n tmusni-ines akked dtirmit-tasefrant.

 

Traduction: Kahina Flici

 
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